xix27s FreeBSD manual


- FreeBSD 6.1 release














June 2006 ~



maintaining the latest ports with CVSUP


first of all, confirm that has been installed ports..


if /usr/ports is now exist, you have not installed ports yet.


bsd# /stand/sysinstall

configure -> distributions -> ports



to upgrade ports, you need the program cvsup


bsd # cd /usr/ports/net/cvsup-without-gui/

bsd # make install clean


cvsup-without-gui is cvsup without gui


after installation,


bsd# cd /usr/share/examples/cvsup/


bsd# l

total 36

-rw-r--r--  1 root  wheel  1231 Oct 28 00:25 README

-rw-r--r--  1 root  wheel  4993 Oct 28 00:25 cvs-supfile

-rw-r--r--  1 root  wheel  2441 Oct 28 00:25 doc-supfile

-rw-r--r--  1 root  wheel  2301 Oct 28 00:25 gnats-supfile

-rw-r--r--  1 root  wheel  3705 Oct 28 00:25 ports-supfile

-rw-r--r--  1 root  wheel   329 Oct 28 00:25 refuse

-rw-r--r--  1 root  wheel  1858 Oct 28 00:25 refuse.README

-rw-r--r--  1 root  wheel  3845 Oct 28 00:25 stable-supfile

-rw-r--r--  1 root  wheel  3037 Oct 28 00:25 standard-supfile

-rw-r--r--  1 root  wheel  2376 Oct 28 00:25 www-supfile



bsd# mkdir /etc/cvsup

bsd# cp /usr/share/examples/cvsup/stable-supfile /etc/cvsup/

bsd# cp /usr/share/examples/cvsup/ports-supfile /etc/cvsup/




설정화일이 있는 디렉토리에서 stable-supfile ports-supfile을 사용상의 편의를 위해 다른곳으로 복사하는겁니다.




bsd# vi /etc/cvsup/stable-supfile


*default host=cvsup.kr.FreeBSD.org #1

*default release=cvs tag=RELENG_4 <== 4-stable 버전 #2




bsd# vi /etc/cvsup/ports-supfile


*default host=cvsup.kr.FreeBSD.org #1

*default release=cvs tag=. <== current 버전 #2




#1 is for cvsup.

In Corea, we mirror in these sites below.

Choose any site you like, and change the part, CHANGE_THIS.


CVSup mirror

cvsup.kr.FreeBSD.org: KT IDC 100Mb Dedicated, 주기 1H, KFUG

cvsup2.kr.FreeBSD.org: KT IDC 100M Dedicated, 주기 1H, Holynet

cvsup3.kr.FreeBSD.org: KT IDC 100M Dedicated, 주기 1H, SarangNet

cvsup4.kr.FreeBSD.org: GNG IDC 100M Dedicated, 주기 1H




#2 is for FreeBSD version.

Refer to below site for the tag





Upgrade to FreeBSD 5.2                             - RELENG_5_2

Upgrade to FreeBSD 4-stable                    - RELENG_4

Upgrade to FreeBSD Current                      - .



to upgrade the latest system source code and ports source code with excute cvsup


bsd# cvsup -L 2 /etc/cvsup/stable-supfile

bsd# cvsup -L 2 /etc/cvsup/ports-supfile



if you cant excute cvsup, you can do /usr/local/bin/cvsup instead.


(by right, after install cvsup-without-gui



In addition, differences with release and stable, current



release 는 테스트후 안정성이 보장이 되었다 생각되어 더 이상 소스코드를 업데이트 못하도록 CVS 소스 트리를 동결하고 하나의 새로운 버전을 내놓는 단계이다.

보통 CD ftp로 배포되는 것들이 모두 이 release에 속한다.



stable 은 버그나 보안적인 문제로 인해 수정이 되거나 새로운 기능이 추가된 안정적으로 개발되는 버전이다.(기본 골격을 유지하면서 안정성을 확보하는 버전)



current 는 새로운 방식을 시도하고, 연구하는 버전이다.(기본 골격에서 탈피하려고 하며, 안정성 보장이 어렵다.)




do not permit root login & setting up su –‘



change all the words secure to insecure


confirm in /etc/group what gid wheel group is using(maybe its 0)


adduser xxx

passwd xxx


fix /etc/ssh/sshd_config as follow

PermitRootLogin no

PasswordAuthentication yes



Some terminal programs dont work with sshd.

Some of that reason is cause of protocol problem.

In /etc/ssh/sshd_config you can find like this

Protocol 2

This means sshd is using sshd protocol 2.

Some teminal programs(zterm, ) dont work with protocol 2.

So, if you want use protocol 2, should use other terminal programs(putty, ..).

Or, fix it like this

Protocol 1





Setting Up Apache on FreeBsd (not using ports)


# cd /usr/local/src

# wget http://www.apache.org/dist/httpd/httpd-2.0.39.tar.gz


Unpack distributions:


# tar xfz httpd-2.0.39.tar.gz


Build And Install Apache:


cd ../apache_2.0.39

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache --enable-module=all --enable-shared=max


make install


To configure Apache you should edit /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf


Add the following line to the startup script to launch Apache at startup:

(for example, into /etc/rc.local file)


/usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl start




Launching apache at startup


add into /etc/rc.conf as below


apache22_enable="YES"     <- apache2.2.2


apache_enable                      < - apache1.x




if youve installed by ports, you can find apache files in below directoris






/usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl start

(아파치 2.2.2를 설치한 후 실행하면 아래와 같은 에러문구 발생)


httpd: apr_sockaddr_info_get() failed for FreeBSD_xix27.local

httpd: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using for ServerName


add into /etc/hosts as below

::1                     localhost            home_FreeBSD            home_FreeBSD.               home_FreeBSD.local.


fix /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf as below

ServerName FreeBSD_xix27    -> its the name of server


from …http://www.unixcities.com/apache/index.html


3. /usr/local/sbin/apachectl start

이렇게 ports로 설치한 apache2.2를 실행하면 아래와 같은 에러가 발생. 하지만 웹은 동작한다. 성능 저하의 요인이 아닐까 추측.

[warn] (2)No such file or directory: Failed to enable the 'httpready' Accept Filter


The resolution to the above problem is to a accf_http module, which function is to buffer incoming connections until a certain complete HTTP requests arrive, into FreeBSD kernel by using kernel linker:


kldload accf_http


To permanently load enable HTTP Accept Filter FreeBSD kernel module (accf_http), add the following line into /boot/loader.conf:

accf_http_load=YES      <- fix like this


Note: The default settings is located in /boot/defaults/loader.cnf. To see the related settings about accf, use:


grep accf /boot/defaults/loader.conf


which will returns:


accf_http_load=NO # Wait for full HTTP request accept filter


you may need to reboot after that

4. /usr/local/etc/apache22/httpd.conf


<Directory />

    AllowOverride None

    Order deny,allow

#    Deny from all                         ß you can use other directories on this server not only DocumentRoot



Alias /xix27 "/home/xix27"

ß if you add like this into httpd.conf, http://localhost/xix27 can connect to /hoeme/xix27






How to setting up to use Corean character


If you use csh

(usually, FreeBSD use csh at default)

add into .cshrc like below

setenv   LANG    ko_KR.eucKR

(it was ko_KR.EUC before but it has changed like this now)


If you use sh

add into .profile like below

LANG=ko_KR.eucKR         export LANG


If you use bash

add into .prifile like below

export LANG=korean


do like this and login again.

Then, you can use Corean character.
























Setting up php on FreeBsd with apache (using ports)


In the past there were several ports for PHP such as /www/mod-php5, /lang/php5-cli, and /lang/php5. Since the release of PHP 5.1.14 there is now only /lang/php5 This port now allows you to choose if you want to install the CLI, CGI, and Apache module.


cd /usr/ports/lang/php5

make config

make install

(To use PHP with Apache make sure the Apache Module box is selected.)


cd /usr/ports/lang/php5-extensions

make config


make install


After install cd to /usr/local/etc and copy php.ini-recommended to php.ini and php.ini.ORIG. Edit php.ini and change as follow


cp /usr/local/etc/php.ini-dist /usr/local/etc/php.ini


upload_max_filesize = 30M   # max upload file size in webmail

memory_limit = 30M ; Maximum amount of memory a script may consume (8MB)


And add into httpd.conf as follow


AddType application/x-httpd-php .php

AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps


then, test php





then, start apache


/usr/local/sbin/apachectl start





Setting up a static ip


Add into /etc/rc.conf as follow

ifconfig_xxx="inet xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx  netmask"

defaultrouter=""                          ##gateway




sysinstall            ->          Configure            ->          Networking         -> Interfaces





 Multi booting with Linux using GRUB


First of all, have to know grub doesnt support ufs2 file system.

And I recommend install FreeBSD first.

But, commonly FreeBSD 6.1 use ufs2 file system.

So if you want to multi booting system with grub, / file system of FreeBSD have to be ufs1 file system or other file systems what can be supported by grub.

(fix / from ufs2 file system to ufs1 or other file systems what can be supported by grub while configure FreeBSD Label)


grub.conf (LINUX)

title FreeBSD 6.1

        root (hd0,0,a)                        // FreeBSD is on hda1

        kernel /boot/loader




and if you need to reinstall grub on MBR do as below

1.       boot rescue mode with any linux cd

2.       # grub

3.       > root (hd0,1)            // hda2

4.       > setup (hd0)


프비먼저 깔고 리눅스 깔기.

프비 부트영역은 usf1 파일시스템으로.. usf2 grub에서 지원을 못 해줘서 부팅 불가.

FreeBSD 설정, 멀티부팅 등등..(by xix27)

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