xix27s FreeBSD manual


 


– FreeBSD 6.1 release


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


June 2006 ~


 


 


maintaining the latest ports with CVSUP


 


first of all, confirm that has been installed ports..


 


if /usr/ports is now exist, you have not installed ports yet.


 


bsd# /stand/sysinstall


configure -> distributions -> ports


 


 


to upgrade ports, you need the program cvsup


 


bsd # cd /usr/ports/net/cvsup-without-gui/


bsd # make install clean


 


cvsup-without-gui is cvsup without gui


 


after installation,


 


bsd# cd /usr/share/examples/cvsup/


 


bsd# l


total 36


-rw-r–r–  1 root  wheel  1231 Oct 28 00:25 README


-rw-r–r–  1 root  wheel  4993 Oct 28 00:25 cvs-supfile


-rw-r–r–  1 root  wheel  2441 Oct 28 00:25 doc-supfile


-rw-r–r–  1 root  wheel  2301 Oct 28 00:25 gnats-supfile


-rw-r–r–  1 root  wheel  3705 Oct 28 00:25 ports-supfile


-rw-r–r–  1 root  wheel   329 Oct 28 00:25 refuse


-rw-r–r–  1 root  wheel  1858 Oct 28 00:25 refuse.README


-rw-r–r–  1 root  wheel  3845 Oct 28 00:25 stable-supfile


-rw-r–r–  1 root  wheel  3037 Oct 28 00:25 standard-supfile


-rw-r–r–  1 root  wheel  2376 Oct 28 00:25 www-supfile


 


 


bsd# mkdir /etc/cvsup


bsd# cp /usr/share/examples/cvsup/stable-supfile /etc/cvsup/


bsd# cp /usr/share/examples/cvsup/ports-supfile /etc/cvsup/


 


 


 


설정화일이 있는 디렉토리에서 stable-supfile ports-supfile을 사용상의 편의를 위해 다른곳으로 복사하는겁니다.


 


 


 


bsd# vi /etc/cvsup/stable-supfile


 


*default host=cvsup.kr.FreeBSD.org #1


*default release=cvs tag=RELENG_4 <== 4-stable 버전 #2


 


 


 


bsd# vi /etc/cvsup/ports-supfile


 


*default host=cvsup.kr.FreeBSD.org #1


*default release=cvs tag=. <== current 버전 #2


 


 


 


#1 is for cvsup.


In Corea, we mirror in these sites below.


Choose any site you like, and change the part, CHANGE_THIS.


 


CVSup mirror


cvsup.kr.FreeBSD.org: KT IDC 100Mb Dedicated, 주기 1H, KFUG


cvsup2.kr.FreeBSD.org: KT IDC 100M Dedicated, 주기 1H, Holynet


cvsup3.kr.FreeBSD.org: KT IDC 100M Dedicated, 주기 1H, SarangNet


cvsup4.kr.FreeBSD.org: GNG IDC 100M Dedicated, 주기 1H


 


 


 


#2 is for FreeBSD version.


Refer to below site for the tag


 


http://www.freebsd.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/cvs-tags.html


 


ex)


Upgrade to FreeBSD 5.2                             – RELENG_5_2


Upgrade to FreeBSD 4-stable                    – RELENG_4


Upgrade to FreeBSD Current                      – .


 


 


to upgrade the latest system source code and ports source code with excute cvsup


 


bsd# cvsup -L 2 /etc/cvsup/stable-supfile


bsd# cvsup -L 2 /etc/cvsup/ports-supfile


 


 


if you cant excute cvsup, you can do /usr/local/bin/cvsup instead.


 


(by right, after install cvsup-without-gui


 


 


In addition, differences with release and stable, current


 


 


release 는 테스트후 안정성이 보장이 되었다 생각되어 더 이상 소스코드를 업데이트 못하도록 CVS 소스 트리를 동결하고 하나의 새로운 버전을 내놓는 단계이다.


보통 CD ftp로 배포되는 것들이 모두 이 release에 속한다.


 


 


stable 은 버그나 보안적인 문제로 인해 수정이 되거나 새로운 기능이 추가된 안정적으로 개발되는 버전이다.(기본 골격을 유지하면서 안정성을 확보하는 버전)


 


 


current 는 새로운 방식을 시도하고, 연구하는 버전이다.(기본 골격에서 탈피하려고 하며, 안정성 보장이 어렵다.)


 


 


 


do not permit root login & setting up su –‘


 


/etc/ttys


change all the words secure to insecure


 


confirm in /etc/group what gid wheel group is using(maybe its 0)


 


adduser xxx


passwd xxx


 


fix /etc/ssh/sshd_config as follow


PermitRootLogin no


PasswordAuthentication yes


 


 


Some terminal programs dont work with sshd.


Some of that reason is cause of protocol problem.


In /etc/ssh/sshd_config you can find like this


Protocol 2


This means sshd is using sshd protocol 2.


Some teminal programs(zterm, ) dont work with protocol 2.


So, if you want use protocol 2, should use other terminal programs(putty, ..).


Or, fix it like this


Protocol 1


 


 


 


 


Setting Up Apache on FreeBsd (not using ports)


 


# cd /usr/local/src


# wget http://www.apache.org/dist/httpd/httpd-2.0.39.tar.gz


 


Unpack distributions:


 


# tar xfz httpd-2.0.39.tar.gz


 


Build And Install Apache:


 


cd ../apache_2.0.39


./configure –prefix=/usr/local/apache –enable-module=all –enable-shared=max


make


make install


 


To configure Apache you should edit /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf


 


Add the following line to the startup script to launch Apache at startup:


(for example, into /etc/rc.local file)


 


/usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl start


 


 


 


Launching apache at startup


 


add into /etc/rc.conf as below


 


apache22_enable="YES"     <- apache2.2.2


 


apache_enable                      < – apache1.x


 


 


 


if youve installed by ports, you can find apache files in below directoris


 


/usr/local/etc/apache22/httpd.conf


/usr/local/www/apache22/data/index.html


/usr/local/sbin/apachectl


 


/usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl start


(아파치 2.2.2를 설치한 후 실행하면 아래와 같은 에러문구 발생)


 


httpd: apr_sockaddr_info_get() failed for FreeBSD_xix27.local


httpd: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using 127.0.0.1 for ServerName


 


add into /etc/hosts as below


::1                     localhost


192.168.0.55            home_FreeBSD


192.168.0.55            home_FreeBSD.


127.0.0.1               home_FreeBSD.local.


 


fix /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf as below


ServerName FreeBSD_xix27    -> its the name of server


 


from …http://www.unixcities.com/apache/index.html


 


3. /usr/local/sbin/apachectl start


이렇게 ports로 설치한 apache2.2를 실행하면 아래와 같은 에러가 발생. 하지만 웹은 동작한다. 성능 저하의 요인이 아닐까 추측.


[warn] (2)No such file or directory: Failed to enable the 'httpready' Accept Filter


 


The resolution to the above problem is to a accf_http module, which function is to buffer incoming connections until a certain complete HTTP requests arrive, into FreeBSD kernel by using kernel linker:


 


kldload accf_http


 


To permanently load enable HTTP Accept Filter FreeBSD kernel module (accf_http), add the following line into /boot/loader.conf:


accf_http_load=YES      <- fix like this


 


Note: The default settings is located in /boot/defaults/loader.cnf. To see the related settings about accf, use:


 


grep accf /boot/defaults/loader.conf


 


which will returns:


 


accf_http_load=NO # Wait for full HTTP request accept filter


 


you may need to reboot after that


4. /usr/local/etc/apache22/httpd.conf


 


<Directory />


    AllowOverride None


    Order deny,allow


#    Deny from all                         ß you can use other directories on this server not only DocumentRoot


</Directory>


 


Alias /xix27 "/home/xix27"


ß if you add like this into httpd.conf, http://localhost/xix27 can connect to /hoeme/xix27


 


 


 


  


 


How to setting up to use Corean character


 


If you use csh


(usually, FreeBSD use csh at default)


add into .cshrc like below


setenv   LANG    ko_KR.eucKR


(it was ko_KR.EUC before but it has changed like this now)


 


If you use sh


add into .profile like below


LANG=ko_KR.eucKR         export LANG


 


If you use bash


add into .prifile like below


export LANG=korean


 


do like this and login again.


Then, you can use Corean character.


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


Setting up php on FreeBsd with apache (using ports)


 


In the past there were several ports for PHP such as /www/mod-php5, /lang/php5-cli, and /lang/php5. Since the release of PHP 5.1.14 there is now only /lang/php5 This port now allows you to choose if you want to install the CLI, CGI, and Apache module.


 


cd /usr/ports/lang/php5


make config


make install


(To use PHP with Apache make sure the Apache Module box is selected.)


 


cd /usr/ports/lang/php5-extensions


make config


(add check to DOMXML, FTP, GETTEXT, IMAP, LDAP, MCAL, MCRYPT, OpenSSL, PSPELL and XML)


make install


 


After install cd to /usr/local/etc and copy php.ini-recommended to php.ini and php.ini.ORIG. Edit php.ini and change as follow


 


cp /usr/local/etc/php.ini-dist /usr/local/etc/php.ini


 


upload_max_filesize = 30M   # max upload file size in webmail


memory_limit = 30M ; Maximum amount of memory a script may consume (8MB)


 


And add into httpd.conf as follow


 


AddType application/x-httpd-php .php


AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps


 


then, test php


 


<?php


phpinfo();


?>


then, start apache


 


/usr/local/sbin/apachectl start


 


 


 


 


Setting up a static ip


 


Add into /etc/rc.conf as follow


ifconfig_xxx="inet xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx  netmask 255.255.255.0"


defaultrouter="192.168.0.1"                          ##gateway


hostname="xxxx"


 


or


sysinstall            ->          Configure            ->          Networking         -> Interfaces


 


 


 


 


 Multi booting with Linux using GRUB


 


First of all, have to know grub doesnt support ufs2 file system.


And I recommend install FreeBSD first.


But, commonly FreeBSD 6.1 use ufs2 file system.


So if you want to multi booting system with grub, / file system of FreeBSD have to be ufs1 file system or other file systems what can be supported by grub.


(fix / from ufs2 file system to ufs1 or other file systems what can be supported by grub while configure FreeBSD Label)


 


grub.conf (LINUX)


title FreeBSD 6.1


        root (hd0,0,a)                        // FreeBSD is on hda1


        kernel /boot/loader


 


 


 


and if you need to reinstall grub on MBR do as below


1.       boot rescue mode with any linux cd


2.       # grub


3.       > root (hd0,1)            // hda2


4.       > setup (hd0)


 


프비먼저 깔고 리눅스 깔기.


프비 부트영역은 usf1 파일시스템으로.. usf2 grub에서 지원을 못 해줘서 부팅 불가.

FreeBSD 설정, 멀티부팅 등등..(by xix27)

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